Life and works[ edit ] Birth and biographical tradition[ edit ] Virgil's biographical tradition is thought to depend on a lost biography by VariusVirgil's editor, which was incorporated into the biography by Suetonius and the commentaries of Servius and Donatusthe two great commentators on Virgil's poetry. Although the commentaries no doubt record much factual information about Virgil, some of their evidence can be shown to rely on inferences made from his poetry and allegorizing; thus, Virgil's biographical tradition remains problematic. Modern speculation ultimately is not supported by narrative evidence either from his own writings or his later biographers. Macrobius says that Virgil's father was of a humble background; however, scholars generally believe that Virgil was from an equestrian landowning family which could afford to give him an education.
Achates is the loyal companion of Aeneas, always referred to as the faithful Achates. He has no distinctive character otherwise.
Aeneas is the protagonist of the Aeneid. He is the son of a mortal, Anchises, of the royal house of Troy, and a goddess, Venus. During the Trojan War, he was second only to Hector among the Trojan warriors, and he is known as outstanding for his pietas: Amata is the wife of King Latinus and mother of Lavinia.
She wants her daughter to marry Turnus, and once she has been enraged by a Fury, she contributes to the war against Aeneas. Anchises is the father of Aeneas. He supports, guides, and inspires his son until he dies, and the tie between them is so strong that his son goes down to the Underworld to see him once more.
He speaks for destiny, and the glory of Rome to be. Ascanius, or Iulus, is the young son of Aeneas. His age is left vague: His character is not developed.
Dido is the sister of the Phoenician Punic ruler of Tyre, Pygmalion, Dido was married young to a wealthy landowner. Dido escaped with a group of Tyrians who were sick of the rule of this tyrant, and was granted land on the coast of Libya, where she founded and ruled the city of Carthage.
As the story of the Aeneid opens, she has vowed to be true to her dead husband, but Venus sets Cupid on her, and soon she is deeply in love with Aeneas, neglects her city, calls the relationship that begins between the two of them marriage, and is driven wild by grief and kills herself when Aeneas must leave to follow his destiny.
Drances is an aged Latin, too old to be of use in battle himself, a counselor and a stirrer up of trouble. He envies the glory of Turnus and urges the Latins to stop fighting and let Turnus fight Aeneas alone.
Evander is a Greek from the region called Arcadia, associated by tradition with pastoral simplicity, who came to Italy before the fall of Troy with other banished Arcadians and built a town called Pallanteum on the site where later Rome would be built.
There he reigns as king, living very simply. He is a model of a righteous king who despises riches, and when he calls for the death of Turnus to avenge the death of his son, Pallas, his words carry weight.
Juno is the Roman name for Hera, the wife of Jupiter and the queen of the gods. She is irrational, vindictive, hungry to have her power recognized and eager to destroy all those she feels have shown her less than the respect she deserves, as well as all those related to them.
Jupiter is the Roman name for Zeus. He is the all-powerful father of the gods, at whose word everyone is still, yet apparently he is reluctant to use his power against the will of Juno.
Latinus is the ruler of Latium, dwelling in the city of Laurentum; an old man, without the power to withstand those who cry out for war with Aeneas. Latinus would have obeyed the oracle and given his daughter to Aeneas, and in the end he is happy to do so.
Lausus is the son of the tyrant Mezentius, but worthy of a better father. A young, brave, and beautiful man, who dares to fight Aeneas in order to save his father. Lavinia is a silent, modest, beautiful maiden, daughter of King Latinum and Queen Amata.
She never speaks a word, as would have been considered appropriate for someone in her position, but some think Virgil is implying that she would rather marry Turnus than this older stranger, Aeneas, who has come by the will of the gods to claim her hand.
Mezentius is a bloody, god-scorning tyrant, so cruel that the Etruscans he rules have cast him out. Turnus has taken him in, and the Etruscans willingly go to battle under the command of Aeneas in order to avenge themselves on the tyrant who oppressed them.
His only virtue is his love for his son Lausus, and he willingly dies in battle against Aeneas after Aeneas kills his son. Neptune is the Roman name for Poseidon, the god of the sea.
He saved Aeneas from destruction at the hands of Achilles during the Trojan War, and Virgil describes him as saving Aeneas from the storm caused by Juno at the beginning of the Aeneid. Palinurus is the helmsman of the flagship of the Trojan fleet. His only distinction is that he tries his best to stay awake and do his duty of steering the fleet on the voyage to consult the Sibyl and enter the Underworld, but the god of sleep overpowers him, and he falls overboard.
One life instead of many, Neptune tells Venus, and one more loss for Aeneas to mourn.University of St Andrews St Mary’s College (Faculty of Divinity) Inaugural Lecture. by the Right Reverend Professor N.
T. Wright Research Professor of New Testament and Early Christianity. In The Aeneid, Vergil’s hero fights to claim the king’s daughter, Lavinia, with whom he is destined to found an empire. Lavinia herself never speaks a word. The Iliad is an epic poem in dactylic hexameters, traditionally attributed to Homer.
Set in the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of Ilium by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and e. Despite the wide margin of time that elapsed from the writing of Homer’s Iliad and Virgil’s Aeneid, many of the same themes are apparent in each ashio-midori.com both The Aeneid and Iliad, there is a strong urge to present a world in which wars are glorious and the gods have a direct hand in human events and these deities influence fate.
Through the representation of two similarly “blessed. Aeneas is the protagonist of the Aeneid. He is the son of Anchises and Venus. He is the father of Ascanius, with his Trojan wife, Creusa, who died at Troy . Aeneas - The protagonist of the Aeneid.
Aeneas is a survivor of the siege of Troy, a city on the coast of Asia Minor. His defining characteristic is .