Themes[ edit ] According to Brinton, while "we must not expect our revolutions to be identical" p. The exception is the American Revolution, which "does not quite follow this pattern" p.
Lecture 13 The French Revolution: The Radical Stage, The proof necessary to convict the enemies of the people is every kind of evidence, either material or moral or verbal or written. Every citizen has the right to seize conspirators and counter-revolutionaries and to arraign them before magistrates.
He is required to denounce them when he knows of them. Such a policy ran counter to the bourgeois aspirations of the National Assembly. The sans-culottes demanded that the revolutionary government immediately increase wages, fix prices, end food shortages, punish hoarders and most important, deal with the existence of counter-revolutionaries.
In terms of social ideals the sans-culottes wanted laws to prevent extremes of both wealth and property. Their vision was of a nation of small shopkeepers and small farmers.
They favored a democratic republic in which the voice of the common man could be heard. In this respect, their ideology falls into line with that of Thomas Painethe English radical who argued that the best form of government was the one which governed least: In other words, and this is important to grasp, the social and economic ideas of the sans-culottes were politicized by the Revolution itself.
The result of this journee was the radicalization of the Revolution.
Louis and Marie Antoinette were forced to flee the Tuileries and took refuge in the Legislative Assembly itself. The royal family was placed under house arrest, and lived rather comfortably, but the king could not perform any of his political functions.
Although the revolutionaries had drafted a constitution, now they had no monarch. By September, Paris was in turmoil. Fearing counter-revolution, the sans-culottes destroyed prisons because they believed they were secretly sheltering conspirators.
More than one thousand people were killed. Street fights broke out everywhere and barricades were set up in various quarters of the city. On September 21st and 22nd,the monarchy was officially abolished and a republic established. The 22nd of September, was now known as day one of the year one.
From this time on, the Revolution had no recourse but to move forward. After the execution of Louis, the National Assembly, now known as the National Convention, faced enormous problems.
There was price inflation, continued food shortages, and various peasant rebellions against the Revolution occurred across the countryside.
France was close to civil war. Meanwhile, the revolutionaries found themselves not only at war with Austria and Prussia, but with Holland, Spain and Great Britain. As the Revolution stumbled under the weight of foreign war and civil war, the revolutionary leadership grew more radical.
Up to Junemoderate reformers had dominated the National Convention. These were the Girondins, men who favored a decentralized government in which the various provinces or departments would determine their own affairs. The Girondins also opposed government interference in the economy.
In Junefactional disputes with the Convention resulted in the replacement of the Girondins with the Jacobins, a far more radical group. The Jacobins and Girondins were both liberal and bourgeois, but the Jacobins desired a centralized government in which they would hold key positionsParis as the national capital, and temporary government control of the economy.
The Jacobin platform managed to win the support of the sans-culottes. The Jacobins were tightly organized, well-disciplined and convinced that they alone were responsible for saving and "managing" the Revolution from this point forward. On June 22,80, armed sans-culottes surrounded the meeting halls of the National Convention and demanded the immediate arrest of the Girondin faction.
The Convention yielded to the mob and 29 Girondin members of the Convention were arrested.
The Jacobins now had firm control not only of the Convention, but the French nation as well. They were the government.
And they now had even more pressing problems: They lived, dreading the possibility that if they failed, so too would the Revolution. Only strong leadership could save the Revolution.The Radical Stage of The French Revolution () By the end of , Europe was preparing to witness the end of a seemingly triumphant revolution in France.
The country was restructuringits government in a forceful and bloodless manner, while the tyrant KingLouis the XVI agreed to the demands of the masses (albeit without muchchoice).
THE MASONS AND THE FRENCH REVOLUTION Written by Vladimir an essay on higher education Moss THE JEWS. is without a doubt the most an analysis of the radical stage of the french revolution influential socialist thinker the moral lesson of the fable of the lion and the mouse to emerge in a lab experiment to design an amplitude modulation am radio.
The Anatomy of Revolution is a book by Crane Brinton outlining the "uniformities" of four major political revolutions: the English Revolution of the s, the American, the French, and the Russian ashio-midori.comn notes how the revolutions followed a life-cycle from the Old Order to a moderate regime to a radical regime, to Thermidorian reaction.
French Revolution Analysis: Moderate and Radical Stages. Violence breaks out in the countryside as some groups rebel against the radical nature of the revolution and other groups seek to aid foreign armies.
French Revolution Analysis: Recovery Stage. 8 . The Consequences of Radical Reform: The French Revolution Daron Acemoglu, Davide Cantoni, Simon Johnson, and James A. Robinson reform various aspects of institutions and to utilize a two-stage least squares strategy, with French invasion as an instrument for institutional reform.
analysis with Maddison’s GDP data. Maddison reports. The Radical Stage of the French Revolution (), Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.