An introduction to the four basic personality types

It will help you understand the Enneagram if you sketch it yourself. Draw a circle and mark nine equidistant points on its circumference. Designate each point by a number from one to nine, with nine at the top, for symmetry and by convention.

An introduction to the four basic personality types

Personality theories and models - introduction Behavioural and personality models are widely used in organisations, especially in psychometrics and psychometric testing personality assessments and tests.

Assertive – Competitive – Lion

Behavioural and personality models have also been used by philosophers, leaders and managers for hundreds and in some cases thousands of years as an aid to understanding, explaining, and managing communications and relationships.

Used appropriately, psychometrics and personality tests can be hugely beneficial in improving knowledge of self and other people - motivations, strengths, weaknesses, preferred thinking and working styles, and also strengths and preferred styles for communications, learning, management, being managed, and team-working.

Understanding personality - of your self and others - is central to motivation. Different people have different strengths and needs. The more you understand about personality, the better able you are to judge what motivates people - and yourself.

The more you understand about your own personality and that of other people, the better able you are to realise how others perceive you, and how they react to your own personality and style. Knowing how to adapt the way you work with others, how you communicate, provide information and learning, how you identify and agree tasks, are the main factors An introduction to the four basic personality types successfully managing and motivating others - and yourself.

Importantly you do not necessarily need to use a psychometrics instrument in order to understand the theory and the basic model which underpins it.

Each theory helps you to understand more about yourself and others. You can inspire them perhaps, which lasts as long as you can sustain the inspiration, but sustainable motivation must come from within the person.

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A good manager and leader will enable and provide the situation, environment and opportunities necessary for people to be motivated - in pursuit of goals and development and achievements that are truly meaningful to the individual. Which implies that you need to discover, and at times help the other person to discover, what truly motivates them - especially their strengths, passions, and personal aims - for some the pursuit of personal destiny - to achieve their own unique potential.

Being able to explain personality, and to guide people towards resources that will help them understand more about themselves, is all part of the process. Help others to help you understand what they need - for work and for whole life development, and you will have an important key to motivating, helping and working with people.

Each of the different theories and models of personality and human motivation is a different perspective on the hugely complex area of personality, motivation and behaviour.

It follows that for any complex subject, the more perspectives you have, then the better your overall understanding will be. Each summary featured below is just that - a summary: Explore the many other models and theories not featured on this site too - the examples below are a just small sample of the wide range of models and systems that have been developed.

Some personality testing resources, including assessment instruments, are available free on the internet or at relatively low cost from appropriate providers, and they are wonderful tools for self-awareness, personal development, working with people and for helping to develop better working relationships.

Some instruments however are rather more expensive, given that the developers and psychometrics organisations need to recover their development costs. For this reason, scientifically validated personality testing instruments are rarely free.

There are dozens of different personality testing systems to explore, beneath which sit rather fewer basic theories and models. In this section are examples personality and style models, which are all relatively easy to understand and apply.

Do seek appropriate training and accreditation if you wish to pursue and use psychometrics testing in a formal way, especially if testing or assessing people in organisations or in the provision of services. Administering formal personality tests - whether in recruitment, assessment, training and development, counselling or for other purposes - is a sensitive and skilled area.

People are vulnerable to inaccurate suggestion, misinterpretation, or poor and insensitive explanation, so approach personality testing with care, and be sure you are equipped and capable to deal with testing situations properly.

For similar reasons you need to be properly trained to get involved in counselling or therapy for clinical or serious emotional situations.

An introduction to the four basic personality types

If in doubt about the legitimacy of any psychometrics instrument avoid using it. If in doubt check. These systems and others like them are not likely to be in the public domain and not legitimately free, and so you should not use them without a licence or the officially purchased materials from the relevant providers.

Certainly childhood is highly influential in forming personality.

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Certainly many people seem to mature emotionally with age and experience. So where do we draw the line and say a personality is fixed and firm?

An introduction to the four basic personality types

We can however identify general personality styles, aptitudes, sensitivities, traits, etc.Developing different medical theories, Hippocrates searched and identified 4 basic personalities that affect human personality traits and behaviors.

These are commonly referred to as the Four Temperaments. For Hippocrates, the four temperaments had to do with culture, health and understanding the reasons for different behaviors among mankinds.

According to MLA style, you must have a Works Cited page at the end of your research paper. All entries in the Works Cited page must correspond to the works cited in . No one is a pure personality type: everyone is a unique mixture of his or her basic type and usually one of the two types adjacent to it on the circumference of the Enneagram.

One of the two types adjacent to your basic type is called your wing. The History In the s, the idea of personality type was being explored by leading scientists and philosophers. A Swiss psychiatrist, Carl Jung, wrote Psychological Types during that time, in which he gave a detailed description of what has now become one of the most widely used typologies in the world.

Amiable – Spontaneous – Otter

The Centers. The Enneagram is a 3 x 3 arrangement of nine personality types in three ashio-midori.com are three types in the Instinctive Center, three in the Feeling Center, and three in the Thinking Center, as shown ashio-midori.com Center consists of three personality types that have in common the assets and liabilities of that Center.

Keirsey's four temperaments can be further subdivided, often referred to as "Character Types" or "Personality Types." There are four types of Artisans, four types of Guardians, four types of Rationals, and four types of Idealists, which make up for 16 types in total.

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