By the end of the World War I, over 53, soldiers were killed in combat.
The History Learning Site, 17 Apr The Battle of Amiens, which started on August 8thproved to be the most decisive battle against the Germans on the Western Front. The Battle of Amiens was the first to incorporate an all-armed co-ordinated attack, bringing together artillery, tanks, infantry and aircraft.
Amiens was of immense importance to the Allies as it was a major rail hub used to receive supplies for the front line and from where those supplies were moved out to where they were needed. In earlyLudendorff ordered a major attack on the city. The German Army had been greatly strengthened by tens of thousands of troops who had moved from the Eastern Front to the Western after Russia pulled out of the war.
These men had spent time fighting in Russia and were experienced and battle-hardened. Ludendorff planned to concentrate his forces in just one area of the Western Front and punch a hole through it that would force the Allies to move troops from elsewhere to support those facing the advancing Germans.
Ludendorff planned to target British troops and push them to the English Channel. He believed that the shock to the French at losing their ally would be so great that they would surrender. His attack started at After a brief but heavy artillery barrage that lasted just five hours, German storm troopers attacked British lines still reeling after the gas and heavy explosive artillery attack.
While the artillery attack only lasted five hours, it was the greatest concentration of fire in World War One up to that time — 6, guns and 3, trench mortars firing along a mile front.
No body was ever built to stand such torture. Such was their preparation that these men — considered an elite within the German Army — had maps of British positions sewn onto the sleeves of their uniform.
They only attacked weak spots and swiftly moved on. Infantry units followed on behind. Between March 21st and April 5th, the Germans had advanced 28 miles as far as the town of Villers-Bretonneux.
However, the success of the Germans was also their undoing. The Allies took their time to regroup. By the summer ofmen from the American Army had reached the front line, thus countering the advantages the Germans had after the Russians pulled out of the war.
One of the main targets of the Allies was Belleau Wood where the Germans had dug in. Belleau Wood was on high ground and gave the Germans there a major advantage over the Allies. The wood itself comprised of tightly packed trees and the USMC got caught up in devastating inter-locking fire from well-placed German machine gun posts.
While the loss of men was grave for the US, the loss of such an important strategic position for the Germans was huge and it ensured that the Germans could not contemplate any further advance into France.
That task was given to Sir Henry Rawlinson.
In July, Allied men were concentrated along a seventeen-mile front to the east of Amiens. They greatly outnumbered the Germans immediately facing them. Rawlinson, who commanded British troops at the ill-fated Battle of the Somme inhad learned much since that battle — especially the value of tanks.
The land he selected for the counter-attack was mostly dry and flat — ideal for tanks. Rawlinson ordered that the greatest concentration of tanks in World War One should be gathered at Amiens. Rawlinson had not only learned a lesson about tanks. He was now a supporter of an all-armed co-ordinated attack using everything at the disposal of a commander.
He ordered artillery commanders that no pre-shots would be allowed. However, it also pre-warned the enemy of a forthcoming infantry attack.
Now they were ordered to use a map and mathematics to work out the range of their targets and that their first shot in anger would be at the target direct — not as a target finder. To compliment tanks and artillery, Rawlinson also planned to use aircraft from the newly formed Royal Air Force.
Rawlinson ordered a complete crackdown on security. German intelligence reports of an Allied build-up were ignored by Ludendorff who was convinced that they were wrong.
Troops from Canada, Australia and Britain advanced under a creeping barrage from artillery guns that advanced metres every three minutes. Rawlinson had set a target of an eight-mile advance on Day 1 of the attack — what would have been the largest Allied advance if his plan was successful.
Rawlinson was helped by the weather.In conclusion, the face of the battle written by John Keegan is a summary of how soldiers behave and what always transpired to the rise of battles and Keegan give clear account on the feelings and experience of the battle.
Battle of the Somme Essay - Download as .rtf), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site.
On the 1st july the British Army went into the Battle of the Somme. The battle ended on November 18th of the same year.
The allied forces tried to break through the german. Nov 12, · Watch video · The Battle of the Somme, also known as the Somme Offensive, was one of the largest battles of the First World War.
Fought between July 1 and November 1, , near the Somme River in France, it. - The Battle of the Somme The Battle of the Somme involved the main allied attack on the Western Front in the 1st World War.
It is mainly famous due to the loss of . The Battle of the Somme lasted from July to November It was easily one of the worst battles ever fought.
This battle took place at the Somme River,which runs through Europe. The opposing armies fought in a line of trenches over Kilometers long. The trenches stretched from the Belgian. The Battle of the Somme (French: Bataille de la Somme; German: Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
It took place between 1 July and 18 November on both sides of the upper reaches of the River Somme in France.