An Introduction Almost all business activities are envisioned, planned, implemented and analyzed in some form of the written word. Collectively, they are the hard-copy paper trails recording the proposals, activities and results of countless business transactions. Public and private entities rely upon these documents to communicate vital information, both internally and externally, regarding the condition and conduct of their business. It is fundamentally important that they be written in a clear and concise manner.
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This section contains information on The Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. These resources follow the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in As The Chicago Manual of Style is primarily intended as a style guide for published works rather than for class papers, where necessary, CMOS guidelines will be supplemented with information from the student reference, Kate L.
To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all CMOS citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart. General CMOS Guidelines Text should be consistently double-spaced, including block quotations, notes, bibliography entries, table titles, and figure captions.
For block quotations, which are also called extracts: A prose quotation of five or more lines, or more than words, should be blocked. CMOS recommends blocking two or more lines of poetry.
A blocked quotation does not get enclosed in quotation marks. A blocked quotation must always begin a new line. Page numbers begin in the header of the first page of text with Arabic number 1.
Subheadings should be used for longer papers. CMOS recommends you devise your own format but use consistency as your guide. Typeface should be something readable, such as Times New Roman or Courier. Font size should be no less than 10 pt. Major Paper Sections Title Page According to Turabian style, class papers will either include a title page or include the title on the first page of the text.
Use the following guidelines should your instructor or context require a title page: The title should be centered a third of the way down the page. Your name, class information, and the date should follow several lines later.
For subtitles, end the title line with a colon and place the subtitle on the line below the title. Double-space each line of the title page. Titles in the text as well as in notes and bibliographies are treated with quotation marks or italics based on the type of work they name.
Book and periodical titles titles of larger works should be italicized. Article and chapter titles titles of shorter works should be enclosed in double quotation marks.
The titles of most poems should be enclosed in double quotation marks, but the titles of very long poems should be italicized.
Titles of plays should be italicized. Otherwise, take a minimalist approach to capitalization. For example, use lowercase terms to describe periods, except in the case of proper nouns e. It is also possible to offset the block quotation by using a different or smaller font than the surrounding text.
In Flowers of Freedom: Reframing Political Thought, Rose eloquently sums up his argument in the following quotation:1 Introduction Writing an effective business report is a necessary skill for communicating ideas in the business environment.
Reports usually address a specific issue or. If you would like to learn how to write a business report in English follow these tips and use the example report as a template on which to base your own business report. First of all, business reports provide important information for management that is timely and factual.
English learners writing. The following Writing Guides are available. To view guides, click on the list of catgories on the list below. You may view or hide descriptions of the guides.
These guides are the result of a joint effort of the [email protected] project and the Colorado State University Writing Center. Development of. Another aspect of report writing that is somewhat different from other business communications is the reading patterns of various audiences.
Remember that most memos and reports have a target. Below are some practical tips on writing user manuals that will help you to write content that adapts to the needs of users. Think like a user When writing a manual, you need to .
Powerful Business Writing S O M E T H I N G N E W T O D A Y PRESENTED BY NATIONAL SEMINARS GROUP, A DIVISION OF viewing videos or interacting with CDs and manuals. Whatever your learning style, the benefits you receive will be unequivocal if you focus on the • Outlining a major report or proposal.
• Preparing for a complex phone call.