On this particular March day inTheodore Facepaint, who was nine years old, agreed to do a parody. With hand balanced on hip and the left leg slightly in front of the right, my newly found friend positioned himself on Sand Hill before turning to face the hazy afternoon sun. This was a pose we had become familiar with: When I projected the image of the color 35 mm slide onto the wall last week I remembered the sense of mirth in which it was taken.
Table of Contents Section 1: This section serves as an introductory tutorial on four inference strategies: In this section, our goal is to help you reflect on your current approach to building students' inference skills in your classroom and to explain the Strategic Teacher approach to teaching inference.
In this section you will Draw on your past experiences with inference strategies. Explore the research, principles, and classroom phases behind four inference strategies.
Examine a range of classroom applications that demonstrate the different ways inference can be used to deepen student thinking.
Experience a model lesson using the Inductive Learning strategy. Let's Get Started Imagine this: It's a huge red SUV, and it's moving quickly from lane to lane, cutting off vehicles left and right.
You, being the defensive driver that you are, know reckless driving when you see it and decide to move to the right lane and allow the SUV to pass.
The SUV barrels past you, and you breathe a sigh of relief. You may or may not be the kind of defensive driver described in this scenario, but we'll give you the benefit of the doubt and assume you are.
Part of what makes you a good driver is your ability to infer. Inference is what thinking adds to what we know, read, or learn. Speaking scientifically, we might say that inferential thinking always involves gathering information, developing hypotheses, and drawing conclusions.
Applied to our driving example, inference is at work as you, the driver, take in data there's an SUV behind me moving erratically ; make an assumption or a hypothesis based on that data that SUV is going to hit me if I stay in this lane ; test your hypothesis let's see what happens if I move into the right lane ; examine the results to confirm or refute your hypothesis the SUV didn't hit me, so it looks like I made the right choice ; and learn from the process if that happens again, I'll be sure to do the same thing.
As you can see, inference is a perfectly ordinary human capacity. But that doesn't mean it's easy for students to make inferences in school. In fact, many teachers identify inference as one of the most challenging of all academic skills to teach. They note that inference feels abstract and difficult to model, design lessons around, and assess.
But teach inference we must, because inference is a "foundational skill"—a prerequisite for higher-order thinking and 21st century skills Marzano, That's why inference and evidence gathering are both so prominent throughout the Common Core State Standards. So what does inference look like in the classroom?
What kinds of inferential thinking are required for success in school and beyond? Review the examples and respond to the questions that follow on page 5.
Examples of Inference in the Classroom Overheard in Science Class All right, we've been studying sound for almost a week now. Let's see if you can figure this one out: Since we obviously can't see around corners, why is it that we can hear around corners?
How would you design a simple experiment to test your ideas? Inference and Emily Dickinson Think about the poet's attitude toward faith. Then explain the central message of this poem in one sentence.
Here's a strange question: What does the element iridium have to do with the extinction of the dinosaurs? Here are some clues to help you figure it out: Iridium is an element that is rare on Earth.
High concentrations of iridium have been found in Italy, Montana, and Mexico. Iridium is common in objects from outer space, such as meteors and asteroids. In the s, scientists discovered a thin layer of sediment within the Earth's crust called the K-T boundary.
The K-T boundary is found worldwide, and it is rich in iridium.I listen to a jazz band at the Casino de Paris: high in the air, in a kind of cage, the Negroes writhe, dandle, toss lumps of raw meat to the crowd in the form of trumpet screams, rattles, drumbeats.
|AOL Food - Recipes, Cooking and Entertaining||Mason Cooley, in City Aphorisms, 3rd Selection Jargon is the verbal sleight of hand that makes the old hat seem newly fashionable. David Lehman, in Signs of the Times Lehman, added:|
Some people are fortunate in being able easily to make graceful letters, to space their words evenly, and to put them on a page so that the picture is pleasing; others are discouraged at the outset because their fingers are clumsy, and their efforts crude; but no matter how badly formed each individual letter may be, if the writing is consistent throughout, the page as a whole looks fairly well.
Life is the hyphen between matter and spirit. ~Augustus William Hare and Julius Charles Hare, Guesses at Truth, by Two Brothers, My life has a superb cast but I can't figure out the plot. ~Ashleigh Brilliant.
How to Write a Poem. In this Article: Article Summary Sample Poems Starting the Poem Writing the Poem Polishing the Poem Community Q&A Writing a poem is all about observing the world within or around you.
A poem can be about anything, from love to loss to the rusty gate at the old farm. Draw on your past experiences with inference strategies.
Explore the research, principles, and classroom phases behind four inference strategies. Examine a range of classroom applications that demonstrate the different ways inference can be used to deepen student thinking. Experience a model lesson. Some people are fortunate in being able easily to make graceful letters, to space their words evenly, and to put them on a page so that the picture is pleasing; others are discouraged at the outset because their fingers are clumsy, and their efforts crude; but no matter how badly formed each individual letter may be, if the writing is consistent .