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Karl Marx envisioned the "withering" of the state and a "dictatorship of the proletariat. He wrote that people will live in a state Thomas Hobbes believed we needed a strong government, preferably an absolute monarchy, to protect the people from their own brutish and violent instincts.
He wrote that people will live in a state of ungoverned anarchy until constant warfare and instability gets to be too much. Then they will—or in his opinion, should—give themselves to an absolute monarch, who will make all the decisions in the state and even have absolute power over the life and death of the citizens.
This would be good, according to Hobbes, because it would bring peace and security. Marx witnessed the abuses of the Industrial Revolution, in which more and more people went to work in factories with no protections on the hours they worked.
In his time, there was no minimum wage, no minimum work age, and no safety regulations—all of which allowed the factory owners to become very rich, as they paid the workers next to nothing and thus made huge profits.
Marx thought the only way the people could become free was to revolt against the owners. Like Hobbes, Marx had a dark view of human nature, especially when it was subject to and influenced by capitalism he was more likely to think of people as innately good when free of capitalist ideology: He thought armed revolution was the only way for the workers to obtain the economic resources they needed to be free.
Marx's perspective is a bottoms-up view of history. He believed justice could only come when the people at the lower end of the economic ladder had control of the means of production.
His ideal state was run by the workers, and eventually all forms of governance would disappear as private property was abolished and everyone produced and consumed according to their abilities and needs. People needed a period of re-education, but could then function without a state.
Hobbes, on the other hand, had a top-down view of government. He believed everybody, including the poor, would fare better under an absolute monarch and strong centralized state control.
The lessons of modern history have shown that dictatorships of any sort, be they of the masses or a messianic leader, tend to not work out very well, and a happier political state comes somewhere between the poles of Hobbes and Marx.In this regard, Rousseau’s conception of the state of nature is entirely more positive than Hobbes’s conception of the same idea, as Hobbes, who originated the term, viewed the state of nature as essentially a state of war and savagery.
Marx, Hobbes, And Locke Karl Marx and Thomas Hobbes both agreed on the theory of collectivism over individualism. Marx is more quantitative and calculative in his reasoning, while Hobbes's theories are based on natural laws.
Hobbes, Marx, and Shah Essay - The cold, calculating, and logical brains of Enlightenment thinkers are much different from the emotional, fantasy-loving mind of Romantics. The Enlightenment was an 18th century movement in which rationality and science were placed as the number one things a . Hobbes’s political theory is structured so that government is presented as the solution to a problem.
The state of nature is an essential element of Hobbes’s setup of the problem. People need government because they’re insecure in the state of nature and live in constant fear of . The Communist Manifesto summarises Marx and Engels' theories concerning the nature of society and politics, that in their own words, "The history of all hitherto .
Compare and Contrast the Philosophies of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Karl Marx. Philosophies of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Karl Marx In the idea of human nature; origin of state, the nature of government, the rights of regulation can be drawn as the reflection of insightful philosophies of John Locke, Thomas Hobbes and Karl Marx.