Oscar Niemeyer has undoubtedly left a great and important mark not only upon this city, but upon the country as well.
However, as Brazil contains a large number of impoverished areas, the word favela is often used to mean any of these types of places. One can surmise that favelas are generally ad-hoc neighborhoods where the landowner gave no authorization to build, while slums are housing units developed by a third party or a government having all rights to the land that falls into a state of disrepair.
The phenomenon is complex, but its effects do not differ significantly from one instance to the other, in most cases. Usually, favelas appear on government-owned or disputed-ownership land. For example, Rocinha can be considered a slum in many parts -- instead of a shanty town -- but it is a Favela.
Check the Rocinha talk page. The houses, if you would like to call them that, are made of garbage and anything they can find. There is no electricity or water. Most people in favelas, either beg for money or get their money with commiting crimes.
Not all of them, but it can be generalized this way. It ususally smells like fecal matter and glue in favelas. You just described a "shanty town". Cidade de Deus for example, it is supposed to be a slum. It is not a shanty town because the houses most of them were properly constructed, and there is basic sanitation.
Nevertheless, it is still a favela: Even a brand-new development, such as nice council-hoseswill become a favela if it is socially segregated and abandoned by the government.
The housing complexes where families were taken have been degraded to such an extent that they have become new favelas themselves.
First, favelas are not a particular Rio phenomenon, rather, they are part of the urban landscape throughout Latin America, especially Brazil. These services are acquired illegally. Would be nice to see this section re-worked to be more objective.
For example, how prevalent are guns, how many gun deaths are reported, how much money is generated from drug sales. Using exagerrative adjectives without objective figures make this section seem sensationalist or that every favela is the same as portrayed in the worst parts of the film, "City of God".
This is a direct consequence of one of the most significant features of favelas, one that in recent years has been pointed as a paramount issue in the favela problem: This may be hard to understand for someone not familiar with favelas, but they are a largely unstructured society and it is extremely difficult to collect data there with techniques devised for structured societies.
Even census work is extremely difficult to carry out in favelas. As for gun deaths, the vast majority are never reported at all - how could they be, if people are afraid to report them, and to whom they would be reported, if authorities are not there and are often distrusted and frowned upon anyway?
Yet, it is a notorious fact that gun deaths do exist as do other forms of murderand they are many, but unfortunately they cannot be properly quantified or reliably sourced. To buy an average house in Rocinha it would cost you For the same 25k usd you can buy a large, big and confortable house in any countryside town, but since urbanization in Brazil is too strong, people prefer to live in favelas because near the big centers they have jobs.
A good federal policy for habitation would put down the prices of raw materials and civil construction in general, making the favelas a better place to live.
Unfortunately this is yet to happen — Preceding unsigned comment added by It has grown so enormously that it developed a strong economy of its own, and some signs of prosperity inevitably appeared.
The same has happened in other large favelas, but even at Rocinha, there is a distinct separation between the While TV sets have been ubiquitous everywhere for decades in Brazil, and such domestic amenities certainly are not exactly rare any more in favelas, I doubt that they are representative of the majority of favelados.
In fact, that is often the characteristic that makes these ones so important. Being poor does not mean being stupid, and people who go to live in a favela do so exactly in order to be near their jobs.
So, most but not all favelas tend to be located in central areas, near downtown or more affluent districts that can provide them with jobs. The alternative would be to go to the distant suburbs - contrary to what happens in countries like the U. There is a lot of shocking poverty and violence in the peripheral suburbs, too, not to mention the same lack of sanitation and other public services characteristic of favelas, but there is not nearly the same degree of agglomeration, unhealthiness and even social stigma associated with living in a favela.
Actually, most poor people in Brazilian cities live on the edge of the city, rather than in a more central favela though the phenomenon is so complex that there are favelas in peripheral areas, too. Anyway, I have removed the "edge of the city" part, because in most cases this is not true, and this is the very reason why most favelas appear.
It seems a honest contribution, but also looks a bit original research-ey. Also, did not fit introductory style. I have reverted the page, and added the essay here, in case anyone want to reinsert some of it in a more appropriate place.Slums: India Mumbai Slum Essay Sample.
A slum, as defined by the United Nations agency UN-Habitat, is a run-down area of a city characterized by substandard housing, squalor, .
Published: Wed, 12 Jul The films studied for this essay – City of God () and Favela Rising () have taken favelas from the marginality of Brazilian society and transported them into the consciousness of the international public. An example is that of Luke Dowdney, a former professional boxer who traveled to Rio de Janeiro from England in order to conduct research for a college course about society in favelas, or slums.
We will write a custom essay sample on Critical Situation Analysis: Stake and Stakeholders specifically for you. Favelas in Rio de Janeiro, Past and Present The Origins of Rio?s Favelas and Early Activism The history of the favelas of Rio de Janeiro begins in the final years of the nineteenth century as Brazil transitioned from an empire to a republic.
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Favelas Essay; Favelas Essay. Words Dec 9th, 3 Pages. Nicole Whitehurst English Literature No one should have to live there life like Show More. Related. Non-Fiction Essay How Soccer Explains the World an Unlikely Theory of Globalization GEA REVIEW Essay example Words | 9 .