Pieter van Dokkum The Maria and Eric Muhlmann Award is given for recent significant observational results made possible by innovative advances in astronomical instrumentation, software, or observational infrastructure. The recipient of the Muhlmann Award is Pieter van Dokkum for the development of a novel means to measure very diffuse and faint structures in the sky.
The VAMP Vision As a tool to communicate science, astronomy possesses aesthetic and inspirational strengths that make it a compelling conduit for science awareness.
Astronomy touches on philosophical questions of great import, including the origin and destiny of our species and the uniqueness of life in the Universe. Space stimulates the human imagination: The science of astronomy moves quickly and delivers new results on a daily basis.
For all these reasons, astronomy can lead the way for other natural sciences and be a frontrunner for the communication of science in general. In a fast-paced connected world, public astronomy communication must follow the pace of the other players in the electronic information mass market, particularly the gaming and entertainment industries.
The problem today is not so much the availability of excellent astronomy multimedia resources for use in education and outreach, but rather suitable access to these materials. Both public and professional sectors need better access to images and videos of stars, galaxies or astronomical phenomena.
The idea for VAMP originated to address a need recognized by visualization and communications experts. The daily frustrations of these professionals in locating visual astronomical resources highlighted the lack of any real access and metadata standards across the board.
Once designed and built, VAMP will allow observatories and others to ingest any future resource that conforms to the suggested standards and make them immediately searchable.
This metadata preserves the descriptive context of the imagery that astronomers and communication professionals have laboured hard to create. The standard includes both the metadata schema for describing outreach images and the method by which the metadata may be embedded within the image file.
For data-derived images, full World Coordinate System WCS tags can be used to describe fully the position, orientation, and scale of the image while allowing for a variety of applications requiring the full coordinate context.
VAMP database tools can answer queries utilizing the full extent of this encapsulated metadata allowing for more powerful search capabilities than any existing today for astronomy. Facilitating the adoption of this standard is a necessary element of VAMP and will ensure that astronomy imagery takes the lead in web convergence technologies.
In conclusion, simpler access to astronomical imagery for multimedia and web developers means that more people will be exposed to astronomy and its observatories, space missions and science. This project will benefit teachers, press, scientists, EPO specialists and inspire laypeople and students, our future scientists and engineers.
Communicating Astronomy Astronomy is considered to be the oldest science, yet it remains among the most vigorously advancing disciplines with a constant stream of fundamental discoveries.
The engagement of astronomy enters our lives at many levels. The simple progression of day and night through the seasons proceeds from the Earth's axial tilt as it orbits the Sun. Careful measurements of the positions of stars have guided sailors to their destinations for millennia.
And today, the rich and growing galleries of astronomical imagery continue to engage and interest people in the Universe and their place within it. Astronomy is very much a gateway for general science interest, in part because of its intrinsically visual nature.
Arguably, it is the instantly engaging imagery that can capture the hearts, and ultimately minds, of even the most science-illiterate public.Space-Based Astronomy Activity Guide for Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education3 HOW TO USE THIS GUIDE This curriculum guide uses hands-on activities to help students and teachers understand the significance of space-based astronomy—astronomical observations made from outer space.
It is not intended to serve as a curriculum. The Elements of Astronomy was one of the most popular books on astronomy in both the East and West, and was used as a textbook on astronomy until the 15th century.
Alfraganus was perhaps the first Muslim astronomer to write on astronomy. NAS - Elements of Astronomy Covers history of astronomy and its recent developments. Stresses the use of astronomical instruments and measuring techniques and includes the study and observation of the solar system, stars, and galaxies.
Heavy elements such as carbon, silicon and oxygen first needed to be created from huge star explosions called supernovas and the stellar cores of the first generations of stars before the first.
In the early s, the study of aperture array technology for radio astronomy was being actively studied by ASTRON - the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy.
At the same time, scientific interest in a low-frequency radio telescope began to emerge at ASTRON and at the Dutch Universities. The Astronomy 10 (solar system) and Astronomy 20 (stars and galaxies) lecture courses are taken by an average of students/term from Fall through Spring (and even more in Fall ).