In order to pursue a career with a local, state or federal law enforcement agency, there is a requirement to attend, and graduate from, a law enforcement academy. These academies are operated by the individual departments or agencies for which potential recruits are competing, although there is some overlap among city and The main differences between training for a career in law enforcement and one with a privately-owned security firm are a matter of formality. These academies are operated by the individual departments or agencies for which potential recruits are competing, although there is some overlap among city and county law enforcement training programs, as they involve enforcement of the same set of laws, the differences being one of jurisdiction.
The following seeks to address this issue in light of a new report that suggests that state and local government workers receive less total compensation than comparable private-sector workers, and to examine how issues not addressed in the study might affect those conclusions.
Are Public Sector Workers Overcompensated? Several analyses of average wages and benefits in the public and private sectors reveal that state and local government workers earn more than private sector workers. This includes 35 percent higher wages and nearly 69 percent greater benefits.
Data from the U. In addition, as noted by reporter and Calpensions. While the Department of Personnel Administration survey did not include all job classifications, the analysis determined a number of benchmark job classifications and found that state compensation was greater than private sector compensation for clerical jobs, accountants, custodians, electricians, stationary engineers, and analysts, but lagged in medical occupations.
Moreover, data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis illustrate that average state and local government compensation has been increasing at a faster rate than average private sector compensation over the past 30 years see the graph on page 89 of this Cato Journal article.
Are Public Sector Workers Undercompensated? Bender and John S. Heywood, assert that state and local government workers are better educated and have more work experience, on average, than do private sector workers, so it is natural that their overall average compensation would be higher.
According to the analysis, state government workers earn an average of Due to the greater benefits received by public sector workers, the gap narrows when these benefits are factored in, to 6. Even this appears to underestimate the cost of the benefits provided government workers, as discussed below.
It would be interesting to take a closer look at the education statistics. Knowing the percentage of workers with a college degree, for example, is helpful, but not all college degrees are equal. Some fields of study are Public policing vs private security comparison rigorous than others, and some universities and colleges are more prestigious than others.
One who earns a degree in a more rigorous field, or who attends a more prestigious and usually a more costly university, would expect to earn a higher salary after college than one who did not. While data with this level of detail do not seem to be available, it would be interesting to see if there are any differences in these more specific educational categories between public and private sector employees.
It is also worth asking whether higher education levels are actually required to perform many government jobs. The Bender and Heywood study presumes that we should expect public employees to be paid more because they tend to be better educated than comparable private sector employees, but is this additional education necessary?
In the private sector, firms have strong incentives to keep costs down and pay no more for labor than they need to. The public sector, by contrast, is infamous for its lack of efficiency, and budgets are determined by political means, resulting in budgets that are usually much different-and more wasteful-than those determined by economic means see the discussion of public-sector versus private-sector productivity below.
This is why governments typically achieve significant cost savings by outsourcing the provision of services to the private sector. It is worth noting that private sector compensation might also be skewed higher by a relatively small number of very high income earners, such as large corporation CEOs and senior officers, entertainers, and professional athletes, for which there is no equal in the public sector.
This is because private sector workers tend to be more productive. Bureau of Labor Statistics BLS National Compensation Survey, private-sector employees worked an average of 2, hours in12 percent more than the 1, hours worked by the average public-sector employee.
Even on an hour-for-hour basis, one would expect private sector workers to be more productive due to the lack of competitive forces in government. Private sector businesses face constant pressures of competition to innovate and improve their goods and services, lest they lose business to their competitors.
Government agencies, by contrast, are typically monopolies protected by law, and thus are not subject to such competitive incentives and pressures. There is a reason for all those jokes and complaints about the efficiency of post office and DMV workers.
Job Security Differences The notion that public employees are significantly undercompensated begs the question: Government job security is famously, and notoriously, ironclad, oftentimes making it practically impossible to fire or lay off public-sector workers for the same reasons employees are terminated in the private sector, even in cases of poor performance or unethical activity.
This job protection has tremendous value which is not captured in the Bender and Heywood report. Whether for job security or other reasons, the attraction to government jobs is evidenced by job-quit rates. Lower quit rates indicate a lack of better job opportunities elsewhere. Between andthe public sector layoff and discharge rate is only about one-third of the private-sector rate.
Surely, if government workers were so poorly compensated and were qualified to earn significantly more in the private sector, they would leave for those private sector opportunities and the quit rate would be much higher. The approximately 30, state correctional peace officers make up nearly 10 percent of all state employees.
Not surprisingly, there is very little turnover among California prison guards. This is very low for public service generally and quite unusual for correctional settings, where burnout is typically a significant staff issue.
California may have the lowest turnover rate of any state corrections department. Unlike the private sector, where decisions on the number and compensation of employees are driven by supply and demand and economic realities, the size and cost of government employees is driven by the political process.If we compare the roles of public policing with private security, we would observe few similarities and differences.
To enforce the law and maintain order in the society is the responsibility of public policing (ASIS, ; Cook, ). Public Policing Versus Private Security Kayla Cook CJA/ November 8, Mrs.
Jancie Graham Abstract Public policing and private security have several distinct differences. Public policing is . Which country has the largest private security industry in the world?
South Africa ranks high, according to available data, but doesn’t bag the top spot. By comparison, the South African Police Service employs , people, Please help us to keep public .
Businesses that need security can establish their own proprietary security department or contract with a security or guard agency as needed. The best course depends on the range and level of services required by an organization. Public Policing Versus Private Security Kayla Cook CJA/ November 8, Mrs.
Jancie Graham Abstract Public policing and private security have several distinct differences. Public policing is the ability to enforce the law and maintain order in society. Difference between private and public equity For maturing companies looking for an influx of cash, there’s no definitive answer as to whether private or public equity is the way to go.