The origin and types of monasticism

Jain monasticism In Jainismmonasticism is encouraged and respected. Rules for monasticism are rather strict. A Jain ascetic has neither a permanent home nor any possessions, wandering barefoot from place to place except during the months of Chaturmas.

The origin and types of monasticism

Enjoy the Famous Daily Christian hermits: St Paul himself is probably a mythical figure, but there may well have been Egyptian hermits at this time. At the other end of the north African coast the bishop of Carthage, St Cypriangoes into hiding in the same year and for the same reason. Certainly there are Christian hermits in Egypt by the early 4th century.

The origin and types of monasticism

The best known of them is St Anthony, whose Famous temptations take lurid and often sexual forms which later prove irresistible to generations of painters.

Early in the 4th century, perhaps in response to the new favour shown to Christianity by Constantine, Anthony organizes other hermits, living nearby in the desert, into a partly shared existence.

For most of the week they maintain their solitary life.

Its growth and method

But on Sundays they come together for worship and a communal meal. In this there is the beginning of a monastic community. Pachomius, a Christian hermit living beside the Nile at Dandara from about ADpersuades others to join him in what is effectively a village of anchorites. Each man lives in his own hut, but they eat their meals in common - usually in the open air.

Pachomius establishes ten more communities of the same kind, two of them for women. The rule of St Pachomius is now lost, but it is known to St Benedict when he establishes the pattern of western monasticism.

Celtic monasticism in the west has the same quality. But the much more influential Benedictines will be closely involved in the world.

Brief History of Christian Monasticism (The Prayer Foundation)

Meanwhile the unusual experiment of St Jerome, a westerner in the east, deserves a mention. St Jerome, translator and monk: These include two years living as a hermit in the desert.

Like St Anthony before him, he suffers vivid sexual hallucinations. His description of beating his breast to drive them away becomes a favourite theme for artists painterly tradition provides him with the large stone which he uses for the purpose.


Jerome is not entirely suited to the desert life. In Rome, in ADhe experiments with a different sort of monasticism, living with a group of rich Roman widows and virgins.

The origin and types of monasticism

He teaches them Hebrew and they look after him, while he begins his translation of the Bible into Latin. In Jerome and his virgins go on pilgrimage together to Palestine and to the monasteries of Egypt. In they settle in Bethlehem. Here Paula, a widow leading the group of women, organizes the building of a monastery with Jerome at its head, an adjacent convent under her own supervision, and a hostel for pilgrims.Monasticism - Varieties of monasticism in the religions of the world: Since monastic systems developed mainly in the Mediterranean monotheistic religions and in South Asia’s theologically more complex situation, monastic diffusion into other parts of the world generally entailed modification of practices that began in these two historical core areas.

Monasticism (from Greek μοναχός, monachos, derived from μόνος, monos, "alone") or monkhood is a religious way of life in which one renounces worldly pursuits to devote oneself fully to spiritual work.

Monastic life plays an important role in many Christian churches, especially in the Catholic and Orthodox traditions. Similar forms of religious life also exist in other faiths, most.

About this page

Monasticism: Monasticism, an institutionalized religious practice or movement whose members attempt to live by a rule that requires works that go beyond those of either the laity or the ordinary spiritual leaders of their religions. Commonly celibate and universally ascetic, the monastic individual separates.

HISTORY OF MONASTICISM including Christian hermits, The coenobitic life, Eastern monasticism, St Jerome, translator and monk, Western monasticism, Christianity in Ireland, St Benedict, The Rule of St Benedict, Benedictine nuns.

Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more.

Get started now! Cenobitic (or coenobitic) monasticism is a monastic tradition that stresses community life. Often in the West the community belongs to a religious order, and the life of the cenobitic monk is regulated by a religious rule, a collection of older style of monasticism, to live as a hermit, is called eremitic.A third form of monasticism, found primarily in Eastern Christianity, is the.

How did monasticism begin and develop