In the wider sense, an alphabet is a script that is segmental at the phoneme level—that is, it has separate glyphs for individual sounds and not for larger units such as syllables or words. In the narrower sense, some scholars distinguish "true" alphabets from two other types of segmental script, abjads and abugidas.
Acronym for grapheme cluster.
Acronym for Graphic Character Global Identifier. Partition of the characters into major classes such as letters, punctuation, and symbols, and further subclasses for each of the major classes.
Also known by the abbreviation "g11n". Note that the meaning of "globalization" which is relevant to software products should be distinguished from the more widespread use of "globalization" in the context of economics. See internationalizationlocalization.
In displaying Unicode character data, one or more glyphs may be selected to depict a particular character. These glyphs are selected by a rendering engine during composition and layout processing.
A numeric code that refers to a glyph. Usually, the glyphs contained in a font are referenced by their glyph code. Glyph codes may be local to a particular font; that is, a different font containing the same glyphs may use different codes.
Similar to a glyph code, a glyph identifier is a label used to refer to a glyph within a font. A font may employ both local and global glyph identifiers. The actual, concrete image of a glyph representation having been rasterized or otherwise imaged onto some display surface.
A collection of properties that specify the relative size and positioning along with other features of a glyph. Conversely, a lowercase italiform letter a and a lowercase Roman letter a are not distinct graphemes because no word is distinguished on the basis of these two different forms.
See definition D58 in Section 3. A grapheme cluster represents a horizontally segmentable unit of text, consisting of some grapheme base which may consist of a Korean syllable together with any number of nonspacing marks applied to it.
See definition D59 in Section 3. Grapheme extender characters consist of all nonspacing marks, zero width joiner, zero width non-joiner, and a small number of spacing marks. See definition D50 in Section 3. Punctuation marks resembling small less-than and greater-than signs, used as quotation marks in French and other languages.
A preferred Hindi synonym for a virama. It literally means killer, referring to its function of killing the inherent vowel of a consonant letter.
In the Devanagari script and certain other scripts of the Brahmi family of Indic scripts, a dead consonant may be depicted in the so-called half-form. This form is composed of the distinctive part of a consonant letter symbol without its vertical stem. It may be used to create conjunct forms that follow a horizontal layout pattern.
Also known as half-form.
Characters of East Asian character sets whose glyph image occupies half of the character display cell. In legacy character sets, halfwidth characters are normally encoded in a single byte. The Japanese term for halfwidth characters is hankaku.
Ideographic characters of Chinese origin. The name of the script used to write the Korean language. Also called a precomposed Hangul syllable to clearly distinguish it from a Korean syllable block. The process of identifying Han characters that are in common among the writing systems of Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese.Traditional classification.
Traditional Chinese lexicography divided characters into six categories (六書 liùshū "Six Writings"). This classification is known from Xu Shen's second century dictionary Shuowen Jiezi, but did not originate ashio-midori.com phrase first appeared in the Rites of Zhou, though it may not have originally referred to methods of creating characters.
Traditional classification. Traditional Chinese lexicography divided characters into six categories (六書 liùshū "Six Writings"). This classification is known from Xu Shen's second century dictionary Shuowen Jiezi, but did not originate ashio-midori.com phrase first appeared in the Rites of Zhou, though it may not have originally referred to methods of creating characters.
It may be obvious to some, less to others, but the Chinese writing system is not based on an alphabet. An alphabet consists of a small number of letters.
Letters represent sounds. They spell out how words should be pronounced. Letters don’t have any meaning by themselves. A Chinese character on the other hand is a more complex unit. An alphabet is a standard set of letters (basic written symbols or graphemes) that represent the phonemes (basic significant sounds) of any spoken language it is used to write.
This is in contrast to other types of writing systems, such as syllabaries (in which each character represents a syllable) and logographic systems (in which each character represents a word, morpheme, or semantic unit).
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People often ask me questions like these: What's the easiest / hardest language you ever learned? Isn't Chinese really difficult? Which is harder, Chinese or Japanese?
Sanskrit or German? Without a moment's hesitation, I always reply that Mandarin is the easiest spoken language I have learned and.